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Anti-corruption activity

Anti-corruption activity

Information on implementation of Anticorruption Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Monitoring of mass media

In the period January 1 to September 20, 2016, 17493 news stories on corruption control were published in mass media, of which 1104 pieces on national TV channels, 1199 articles in national printed media, 7588 publications in web resources; 7602 news stories in regional mass media (of which 1832 pieces on TV channels, 3892 articles in newspapers, 1878 publications in web resources).

Quantity of materials broken down by mass media types and tone:

Type of media

Total

Positive

Neutral

Negative

National

Regional

National

Regional

National

Regional

e-media

2936

4

2

1096

1815

4

15

10 printed media

5091

3

3

1103

3814

93

75

Internet

9466

2

0

7490

1842

96

36

TOTAL

17493

9

5

9689

7471

193

126

 

Table 1. Dynamics broken down by months and all mass media types:

Period

e-media

Printed media

Internet

Nationwide media

Total

January

102

100

720

775

1697

February

100

110

827

837

1874

March

135

186

1000

858

2179

April

239

183

1350

1181

2953

May

84

115

588

705

1492

June

127

156

911

923

2117

July

125

141

768

993

2027

August

106

131

865

885

1987

September

86

77

559

445

1167

Total:

1104

1199

7588

7602

17493

 

NATIONAL  TV CHANNELS

On national TV channels, there were



1104 news stories. The most active part in information support was played by such TV channels as KTK – 219, “Khabar 24” – 217, and “First Channel Eurasia” – 171 pieces.

The number of news stories on all TV channels was dispensed as follows:

Governmental TV channels

Non-governmental TV channels

“Khabar 24” - 217

КТК – 219

“First Channel Eurasia”  - 171

“Astana” - 155

“Khabar” - 116

“31 Channel” - 79

“Kazakhstan” - 42

“Almaty” - 56

 

STV – 48

 

“Assyl Arna” - 1

Total – 546

Total - 558

Total - 1104

The national TV channels’ news stories related to government agencies’ detecting the fake businesses and combating the unregulated markets in Almaty city. Negative news stories were shown on nationwide channels “KTK” and “31 Channel”.

Special attention was paid to the corruption control problem in the analytical programs: “Naryk Ainassy” (“Marker Mirror”), “Sukhbat” (“Dialogue”), “Business Express”, “Investigations Bureau”, “Special News” (“Khabar 24” TV), “In Essence” (“Khabar” TV), “Business Time” (“Almaty” TV), “Yeren Enbek” (“Distinguished Labor”) (“Assyl Arna” TV).

NATIONAL NEWSPAPERS

In national printed media, there were 1199 news stories, of which 105 articles in governmental media, 93 articles in “Nur Media” newspapers, and 1001 articles in non-governmental media.

The most active part in information support was played by the “Vremya” (“Time”) newspaper – 159 news stories. The share of governmental media was 9%.

National newspapers’ articles dedicated to corruption control looked as reviews with thematic headings such as: “Banks and Finance”, “Law and Order”, “Barrier against Corruption”, “High-profile Case”, “Corruption”, “Civil Service”, “Anticorruption Policy”, “Prosecutor’s Supervision”, “Bribe for Employment”, “Combating Corruption is Going on”, “Imprisonment of Matayev Extended , “Zero Tolerance to Corruption Is Growing”.

Furthermore, a number of news stories in national newspapers contained explanatory headnotes on anticorruption policy. Specifically, the role of civil society organizations in the field of compliance with anticorruption legislation was emphasized.

 

WEB RESOURCES

In total, on national web resources, there were 7588 news stories, of which 2 382 were the publications on websites of information agencies. The most active web resources as to highlighting the subject were: inform.kz – 754, bnews.kz – 479, KazTAG – 391, and zakon.kz – 360 publications.

 

The major number of publications showed the activities of National Corruption Control Bureau, court proceedings, and prophylactic actions for raising public awareness.

The articles on the bnews.kz, inform.kz и strategy2050.kz web portals were accompanied by photo materials. On the kapital.kz Web resource, the material was published on the helpfulness of public councils in implementing anticorruption policy.

Also, there were the materials containing general criticism of government agencies for corruption wrong-doings.

 

REGIONAL MASS MEDIA

In regional mass media, 7 602 were found that deal with corruption and with carrying out anticorruption policy, of which 1832 pieces on regional TV channels, 3892 articles in printed media, and 1878 publications on web resources. The tone of the news stories was largely neutral/positive.

Major part of materials was dedicated to round tables and seminars on combating corruption, to actions on implementation of the project: “Country with no corruption is a prosperous country”, as well as to the corruption crime facts. Along with that, the anticorruption “Start with Yourself!” action was widely reported about in the country regions.

Regional TV channels highlighted the subject of corruption and implementation of anticorruption policy in 205 programs. The best activity demonstrated the following channels: “Alau” (38), “First Northern” (20), “Kazakhstan – Kostanai” (18), and “5th Channel” (17).

In the regional printed media, the following thematic sections were found: “Corruption Is a Disease You Must Destroy”, “Corruption is an Eroding Worm You Will be Daredevil to Destroy!”, “Corruption Is a Disease You Must Win!”,, “No Road for Corruption!”, “Anticorruption Immunity”, “Anticorruption Policy”, etc.

The basic newsworthy events in this period were:

  • meeting of Commission for Corruption Control under President of the RoK;
  • meeting of Panel of Ministry for Civil Service to discuss the first six months’ results;
  • Minister of Finance B. Sultanov’s reporting meeting with citizens;
  • meeting on corruption control in Astana city Akimat;
  • meeting of the “Nur Otan” Party’s Public Council for Corruption Control in East Kazakhstan region;
  • the first session of Ethics Council under Astana city Department of Ministry for Civil Service;
  • meeting on implementation of anticorruption policy in Ministry for Investments and Development;
  • meeting on issues relating to implementation of the new anticorruption strategy and the status of corruption control in police and MIA of the RoK;
  • enlarged session of Committee for Economic Policy, Innovation development, and Entrepreneurship under Senate of Parliament of the RoK;
  • conference call with Minister of Culture and Sports A. Mukhamediuly participating;
  • meeting of Coordination Council for Law Enforcement and Crime Fighting;
  • publication of Report on Implementation of Anticorruption Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2015;
  • Ministry for Civil Service’s contest among mass media for best work on anticorruption theme;
  • Press Conference in Central Communications Service with

    G. Adie, Director of Anticorruption Policy Department in Ministry of Civil Service participating;
  • meeting on implementation of the new anticorruption strategy in Astana;
  • meeting of the Panel of South Kazakhstan Prosecutor’s Office;
  • seminar of prophylactics of corruption offences in Mangistau region law enforcement bodies;
  • enlarged meeting of Government chaired by Head of State;
  • reorganization of Ministry for Civil Service into Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Civil Service and Corruption Control;
  • meeting on corruption control chaired by Deputy Chairman of National Corruption Control Bureau А. Shpekbayev in Astana;
  • briefing in Central Communications Service with the Executive Secretary of Ministry for Civil Service  S.Akhmetzhanov;
  • Press Conference in Central Communications Service with Minister of Fionance B.Sultanov;
  • briefing in Central Communications Service: “Modernization of the procedure for enrolment to civil service” in North Kazakhstan region;
  • meeting of the “Nur Otan” Party’s Public Council for Corruption Control in East Kazakhstan region;
  • Press Conference in Central Communications Service with Head of “Nationwide “Zhanaru” Anticorruption Movement” Public Association O. Abdykarimov;
  • appointment of regional heads of local departments of National Corruption Control Bureau.

On the above newsworthy events, the following persons’ speeches were recorded:

  • G. Abdykalikova, Secretary of State;
  • T. Donakov, Minister of Civil Service;
  • K. Kozhamzharov, Chairman of National Corruption Control Bureau;
  • A. Shpekbayev, Deputy Chairman of National Corruption Control Bureau;
  • G. Adie, Director, Anticorruption Policy Department in Ministry of Civil Service;
  • I. Merkel, Deputy General Prosecutor of the RoK;
  • А. Mukhamediuly, Minister of Culture and Sports;
  • А. Peruashev, Member of Mazhilis of Parliament of the RoK;
  • M. Ashimbayev, Member of Mazhilis of Parliament of the RoK;
  • V. Razov, Director, West Kazakhstan Natural Monopolies Regulation and Competition Protection Department under Ministry of National Economy;
  • R. Duissenbayev, Head of Prosecutor’s Office, South Kazakhstan region;
  • A. Aitzhanov, Senior Prosecutor, Astana Prosecutor’s Office;
  • A. Dyussenova, Deputy Akim of North Kazakhstan region;
  • А. Omar, Director of “As-Ai” LLP;
  • A. Sarym, Political Analyst;
  • D. Satpayev, Political Analyst;
  • M. Shibutov, Political Analyst.

 

Legal framework

Law “On Public Council” was adopted on November 2, 2015 to implement public control institute.

The law stipulates the activity of public councils aimed at implementing governmental policy on development of accountable government for citizens and all level-government agencies’ enabling citizens` and society`s involvement in decision-making.

The main goal of public councils` activity is to express civil society`s opinion on socially significant issues.  

Public councils are established at two levels: nationwide and local, being autonomous and independent entities.  

Public councils of nationwide level include councils established by public institutions in collaboration with ministries, central executive agencies that are not part of government and bodies directly subordinate and accountable to President of the RoK, except for the special government agencies.

In addition, public councils are established by working groups consisting of government agencies` representatives and on a competitive basis.

Nominees to Public Councils can be put up by non-profit organizations and citizens, as well as through self-nomination.

Public councils` recommendations are compulsory for consideration by government agencies.

Therefore, legal framework was established for conducting the public hearings regarding citizens’ rights and interests, public evaluation of government agencies` decisions and citizens` participation in collegiate bodies` activities.     

In accordance with the Law, the membership of Public Council for development of information, ICT and public service delivery was approved by the Order of Minister of Information and Communications as of August 1, 2016, No.78.   

To date, 2 public council sessions have been held, with decisions made there being published on the Ministry`s web resource.

In addition, Law “On Informatization” was adopted on November 16, 2015.

The law expands the list of data, to which the access is not restricted. In particular this includes the data on: fire safety, sanitary–epidemiological and radiation environment; food safety; emergency situations and accidents threatening citizens` safety and health, the consequences thereof, and also the data on natural disasters, official forecasts and consequences; violations of human and citizen rights and freedoms; terrorism, etc.

Furthermore, administrative responsibility for violation of Law “On Access to Information” was added. Thus, any illegitimate refusal to provide information or the provision of misleading information, leads to administrative responsibility.   

The responsibility covers public officers as well as businesses partly funded out of budget, who have information that might be of interest for citizens. 

As part of policy-making, 14 regulations for public services` were developed while 1 public service was delivered by local executive bodies

According to draft Government Resolution “On Amendments to Government Resolution as of September 18, 2013, No. 983 “On Approval of Public Services` Registry” (hereinafter: Registry), of 15 Ministry`s public services, the public service named “Registration of foreign periodicals distributed on the territory of region, national-status cities and capital” was transferred to the Ministry with amendments in accordance with Law “On Mass Media” as of November 24, 2015, No. 419-V.

Development and approval of 1 public service standard will be completed within the legal period.

Development of public service delivery  

In accordance with the Decree of President of the RoK as of May 6, 2016, No.253 “On Measures for Further Improvement of Public Administration System in the RoK” and also  pursuant to subclause 3) of Article 44 of the Constitution of the RoK, in order to modernize and to increase efficiency of public management system, Ministry for Information and Communication of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – the Ministry) was established, with functions and authorities in the field of information, informatization and communication being transferred to it from Ministry for Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.    Thus, according to draft Government Resolution “On Amendments to Government Resolution as of September 18, 2013, No. 983 “On Approval of Public Services` Registry”, 15 public services are within the Ministry`s competence.  Today, the Ministry delivers public services in the field of communication, informatization and information.

Reference information on all public services, the legal framework and also contact details of business units that deliver public services are published on the Ministry`s official website (miс.gov.kz).

Integrated Call Center (1414) delivering consultancy support to citizens regarding all public services within the Ministry`s competence has been operated from April 1, 2012.    

Out of 15 public services, 10 are delivered online through e-Gov portal (www.egov.kz). Other 5 public services are delivered in traditional way.  

Also, 7 public services out of 15 delivered by Ministry can be delivered through Government for Citizens Public Corporation JSC. 

For efficient, timely and easy delivery of public services, the “e-Licensing” national database IS was implemented through which citizens` requests for obtainment of licenses are accepted and considered online. All licensing documents are issued online solely through “e-Licensing” national DB.

 

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